Harvesting is the process of collecting grapes for the production of wine. This is a key moment in the production chain of this product since, through a series of decisions, the quality and characteristics of the wine will be determined.
In Extremadura, the harvest season varies each year but, in general, it occurs during the summer months when the heat has made the grapes reach their optimum ripeness point.
But... Which factors are taken into account to achieve this incomparable quality? If you want to know everything, keep reading!
The origin of the grape harvest
Harvesting is a very old process. There are references to the first harvests of this fruit more than five thousand years ago, where this process of harvesting, stamping and, finally, fermentation was carried out to give rise to the wine.
They were authentic festivities and events that were even made as offerings for gods and sanctities in cultures such as Greek or Roman.
Which factors influence for the time for grape harvesting?
As we mentioned, the harvest doesn’t take place on an exact date. Each year, depending on different factors, the grape harvest can be early or late as the time approaches.
The main decision to start the harvest depends on the ripeness of the grape. The winemaker of the winery is the one who will determine if it is at the exact moment to collect it and this is done through tastings and technical and laboratory tests.
If the grape has the ideal level of sugars, tannins or other components of its own (depending on what type of grape it is, they will be different), it will be able to meet the characteristics of your wine.
Therefore, to begin the grape harvest at its key point of maturity, it will depend on:
The type of wine and variety of grape that is harvested: it is not the same if it is red wine, white wine, for cava… Each one has its own characteristics and must be taken into account.
The climate: we cannot speak of the same type of vintage in the north and the south of Spain. This affects ripening.
The geographical location of the vineyards: the altitude, latitude or longitude of the winery and vineyards is also important.
Annual rainfall: if a year has been wetter or drier than usual, it can be one of the main factors to change the date.
Temperature: sometimes high and low temperatures can spoil crops.
In Extremadura, Tierra de Barros area and its Denomination Ribera del Guadiana or other excellent wineries in the area of Cáceres, Trujillo and others have already begun their annual red grape harvest (Source: El Periódico, 2021).
This year, the quality of the grapes is expected to be exceptional, so the opportunity to taste an authentic delicacy such as Extremadura wines should not be missed. If you want to know first-hand a unique gastronomic experience, contact us without obligation.